Share with all your friends Presidents Cancer Panel Report (2010) published by the National Cancer Institute – REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL CANCER RISK – What We Can Do Now
Please read the Presidents Cancer Panel Study 2010 ,which examines the impact of environmental factors on cancer and is subtitled “Reducing Environmental Cancer Risk, what we can do now.”
We need a regulatory approach to children’s health eliminating potential hazards without accepting a level of harm. Chemical companies must prove that their products will have no adverse effect on children’s health before the chemical is approved for use by EPA. (more…)
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The United States Senate resisted tens of millions of dollars in lobbying and campaign contributions from the chemical industry to pass the Safe Chemicals Act .
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Cancer affects millions of American families and adds billions of dollars to our nation’s annual health care bill. According to the National Cancer Institute, almost 45% of men and 38% of women in the United States will be diagnosed with cancer at some point in their lives. Cancer is the second most common cause of death in the U.S., exceeded only by heart disease. Nearly 1 out of every 4 deaths in the United States is caused by cancer.Over the past two decades, the rates of some cancers have risen significantly. These include:
- Kidney, liver, thyroid, esophageal, and testicular cancer, as well as melanoma in men;
- Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Hodgkin’s disease, melanoma, and cancers of the thyroid, liver, and kidney in women; and
- Childhood cancers overall, especially childhood leukemia and brain cancSOURCE: U.S. EPA. America’s Children and the Environment. http://www.epa.gov/envirohealth/children
DATA: National Cancer Institute, Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program
Cancer is the second most common cause of death for Americans under the age of 20. The incidence of childhood cancer increased more than 20% between 1975 and 1990. Since 1990, the incidence has remained roughly at this elevated rate. Mortality declined substantially during this period, due largely to improvements in treatment.
In 2010, the direct medical costs of cancer were $102.8 billion and the overall costs were $263.8 billion. Medical costs for pediatric cancers in 2008 totaled an estimated $1.9 billion. (more…)
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Agreement is growing across the political spectrum and among scientists, health professionals, and concerned parents that federal law does not adequately protect Americans from toxic chemicals. The primary law responsible for ensuring chemicals are safe—the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)—was passed in 1976 and has never been updated. The law is so weak that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has only been able to require testing on less than two percent of the more than 80,000 chemicals that have been on the market at some point since TSCA was adopted.
Much has changed since TSCA became law decades ago. Scientists have developed a more refined understanding of how some chemicals can cause and contribute to serious illness, including cancer, reproductive and developmental disorders, neurologic diseases, and asthma.
By reforming TSCA, we can reduce our exposure to toxic chemicals, improve our nation’s health, and lower the cost of health care. This report documents some of the scientific findings and economic analysis in support of meaningful TSCA reform.
Citations ( list continues below) Denison R. Ten essential elements in TSCA reform. Environmental Law Review 2009; 39:1002
- America’s Children and the Environment: Measures of contaminants, body burdens, and illnesses [Internet]. Washington, DC: Environmental Protection Agency; [updated 2011 March 8; cited 2003]. Available from: http://www.epa.gov/ace/publications/index.html; http://www.epa.gov/ace/child_illness/d5-graph.html.
- Howe H, et al. Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer (1973 through 1998), Featuring cancers with recent increasing trends. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2001;93(11):824-842.
- SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2008 [Internet]. Bethesda: National Cancer Institute; [2012 March 25]. Available from: http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2008/browse_csr.php?section=4&page=sect_04_zfig.02.html.
Chronic disease: many trends are on the rise
More than 30 years of environmental health studies have led to a growing consensus that chemicals are playing a role in the incidence and prevalence of many diseases and disorders in the United States, including:
- Leukemia, brain cancer, and other childhood cancers, which have increased by more than 20% since 1975.
- Breast cancer, the incidence of which went up by 40% between 1973 and 1998.While breast cancer rates have declined in recent years in post-menopausal white women, rates of breast cancer in pre-menopausal white women and post-menopausal black women remain unchanged. A woman’s lifetime risk of breast cancer is now one in eight, up from one in ten in 1973.
- Asthma, which approximately doubled in prevalence between 1980 and 1995 and has continued to rise. In 2009, nearly 1 in 12 Americans had asthma.
- Difficulty in conceiving and maintaining a pregnancy affected 40% more women in 2002 than in 1982. From 1982 to 1995, the incidence of reported difficulty almost doubled in younger women, ages 18–25.
- The birth defect resulting in undescended testicles (cryptorchidism) increased sharply between 1970 and 1993, with uncertain trends since then.
- Learning and developmental disabilities, including autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, affect nearly one in six U.S. children, as of 2008.Between 1997 and 2008, the prevalence of autism increased nearly 300% nationally.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 133 million people in the U.S.—almost half of all Americans—are now living with these and other chronic diseases, which account for 70% of deaths and 75% of U.S. health care costs.
In general, these and other common diseases or disorders are the result of many factors, but many chemicals, by themselves or in combination with other chemical and non-chemical factors, can be harmful to multiple systems in the body, increasing the risk of adverse health outcomes. (more…)
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Three leading physicians today said the scientific evidence that unregulated chemicals contribute to chronic diseases in America has grown substantially in recent years. The evidence is summarized in a new report called Chemicals and Our Health, which was released by Safer Chemicals, Health Families, as the Senate Environment Committee gears up for an historic vote on chemical reform on Wednesday. The report highlights significant peer-reviewed research on the role chemicals play in the rising incidence of certain types of cancer, reproductive harm, infertility, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, learning disabilities, and asthma. (more…)
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